Textile Design, Textiles

As part of my Fine Art degree I studied on exchange at the Glasgow School of Art where I learnt the traditional art of silkscreen, the process of separating the colours in an image, design or pattern repeat for silkscreen printmaking onto a substrate.

A silkscreen print is created by reducing a motif in an image to black to create a stencil, painting a silkscreen with photo emulsion and exposing the stencil on the silkscreen to light to create the stencil effect. The stencil is the negative area of the image, blocking out the colour and leaving the positive area in the stencil for the colour. Pigment ink is poured through the silkscreen stencil onto a paper or fabric base cloth to create the coloured print. Repeating this process for each colour in the design. A two colour print would require two silkscreen stencils, printing the first colour, lining up the print and printing the second colour. Ideally if you retain the silkscreen’s the print can then be reprinted seasonally with a new colour palette.

The beauty of silkscreen is the soft, smooth and watercolour like effect it gives a print and how it seamlessly separates the colours so the overall ‘look’ of the print is unified.

The process of silkscreen is fairly labour intensive, especially if you compare printing a single four colour poster image to lining up a screen across many metres to silkscreen bolts of fabric, that may have up to twelve colours in a design.

I designed a collection of silkscreen prints by filming digital video excerpt’s of cityscapes in Glasgow using still image’s from the footage as a basis to design silkscreen prints. I printed the prints and the colourways using the traditional silkscreen printing method onto an archival print paper.

Silkscreen Print. Textile Designer, Lisa Engelhardt (2006)

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